Bulgaria, situated in the south-eastern part of Europe, and in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, had been a land of many ancient civilizations and great peoples. For centuries, the roads passing through the territory of this beautiful country have been connecting Europe to Asia and Africa. Four common European transport corridors, connecting Western and Northern Europe with the Eastern and Southern part of the continent, cross their roads right here.

About Bulgaria

Map of Bulgaria


The coast

Mountain lakes
Rugged snow-capped peaks and soft green slopes, cool forests carrying the aroma of herbs and wild fruit, quick-flowing rivers and crystal-clear blue lakes, mineral springs and bioreserves, rare plants and game, large climatic and ski resorts and small picturesque villages with living traditions and folklore - every Bulgarian mountain has its own characteristic appearance and fascination.

Temperate continental with clearly marked four seasons. A Mediterranean influence is felt in the country's southern regions. The average annual temperature is 10.5C. The average January temperature is around OC. Average summer temperatures are around 35C and the summer lasts on average four to five months.


Bulgarian. English, German, French and Russian is spoken in the country's resorts, hotels and restaurants.

Cyrillic. Signs along most roads, in airports and resorts are also spelled in English.

86.6% of the population is Eastern Orthodox, 13% are Muslims. The Bulgarian Church is autonomous and headed by a Patriarch.

State government
Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic.

Official holidays
January 1 - New Year
March 3 - Bulgaria's Liberation from Ottoman rule - the National Day
Easter - one week after the Catholic Easter
May 1 - Labour Day
May 6 - Bulgarian Army Day
May 24 - Day of Bulgarian Alphabet
September 6 - Bulgaria's Unification
September 22 - Independance Day
December 25-26 - Christmas

Sofia (pop. 1,141,000). Read more about Sofia here



Time Difference
Winter time: GMT +2 hours (October through March).
Summer time: GMT +2 hours (April through September)

220 V only

Monetary Units
Lev. Banknote denominations include 5.00, 10.00, 20.00, 50.00 and 100.00 leva, as well as coins of smaller denominations.

Working Hours
offices - 9.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. (Monday to Friday)
banks - 9.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m. (Monday to Friday)
shops - 10.00 a.m. to 8.00 pm. (Monday to Friday, Saturday until noon)


public transport
- in big cities: trams, trolley-buses, buses
- elsewhere: buses
- inter-city transport: plane, train, coach

Currency Exchange
In banks and 24-hour change bureaux. The exchange rate is announced every day.

Passports and Visas
You will need a valid passport to visit Bulgaria. All EU member states citizens can visit the country for up to 90 days every 6 months. There a a number of non EU countries that will need an entry or transit visa which is issued by the embassies and consulates of the Republic of Bulgaria abroad. On the Bulgarian Embassy website there is a full list of countries that don't need or need visas. Please check before you travel.

Emergency telephone number 112
The number is 24/7 free number and covers Police, Ambulance, Fire Rescue, Sea Rescue, Mountain Rescue


Bulgaria boasts an extensive accommodation network ranging from luxury five-star to unpretentious two-star hotels, small cosy hotels and private rooms, meeting all modern requirements. Reservations through tourist agencies or local accommodation offices.


All over Bulgaria you will find catering establishments of different categories serving different foods: new luxury restaurants, taverns which serve national cuisine, restaurants serving foreign cuisine, fast food restaurants, pizzerias, numerous cafes and pastry shops, entertainment spots, etc.
Menus are usually written in both Bulgarian and English. Restaurants stay open from 11a.m. to midnight, but may work round the clock.



Beach and sun

Sea view


Bachkovo monastery

Properties by type:

Agricultural land

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